16 April 1956
Souidani Boudjemaa was born on January 10th, 1922 in Guelma. He was orphan of his father since he was 4 and his mother took care of him. He studied in Guelma and reached the baccalaureate level, which helped him get a job in a printing works shop from 1939 to 1942. Additionally to his studies, he was a member of the Muslim scouts and also a player in the Guelma football team.
At work Ahmed Djelloul, his manager, encouraged him to join the PPA (Algerian People's Party) and taught him the bases of Algerian nationalism with an explanation of its objectives. Very quickly he became a group then a section leader.
In 1943, he led a demonstration in Guelma to protest against the new repressive laws applied by the French to the Algerians. One of these rules prohibited the access to movie theatres for Algerians on Saturdays and Sundays.
The French authorities arrested him after this demonstration and condemned him to 3 months jail plus a 500FRF fine.
He received his conscription order in 1944 and had to do his army in Ain Arnat (Setif) before being sent back to Guelma to work in military printing works.
During, and despite, his conscription period, he took part in the May 1st, 1945 demonstrations. So the army didn't allow him to leave the barracks which prevented him from being in the May 8th demonstrations.
The killings which happened on that day reinforced the military struggle idea in his mind, so he joined th OS (Special Organization) and started collection weapons. But the French arrested and jailed him during 8 months in 1948.
Once free again, he resumed his job inside the OS and because the French suspected him again he had to leave to Oran. He could thus take part in the attack on the post office which helped gather the moneys necessary for the OS.
At this date the justice court of Oran condemned him to a death sentence so he had to move again to Boudouaou this time.
One traitor informed the French authorities who tried to arrest him. Luckily he could escape after killing the officer who attempted to catch him.
So again, he had to move very often from Souidania to Soumaa then Bouinane where he's been helped by one DZ activist, who offered him shelter and also married him to one of his daughters in 1951.
As one of the goup of 22, he took part in the preparation of the war of independence; and together with Mohamed Merzougui he made the plans of the attacks in the Metidja region which he led.
He was also in the group of Amar Ouamrane, Boualam Kanoun and Rabah Abdelkader in their attack of the French military barracks in Boufarik.
During the war of independence, he supersvised the military trainings of new recruits. He also organized many local meetings including those in Ouled Fayet and Sidi M'hamed Belaiche; which aimed at organizing the military logistics (weapons stocks, hiding places, etc.).
.But this wasn't all he did. He was a member of the commandos in the centre region and launched many attacks on the French positions.
The French army killed him on April 16th, 1956 in El Kolea.