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more little children who need help

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#1
^_^Chaouia^_^

^_^Chaouia^_^
  • Girls
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  • Location:Tkout,Algeria - Edmonton, Alberta

Current mood: Woot!
here is anouther little one a girl in m'sila area of algerie

http://www.elkhabar....a=108745&idc=36

and anouther little boy
from algers

http://www.elkhabar....n/?key=1&idc=36

there are so many of these children and most of them will not make it without treatment, but as the world is only foccusing on one child at the moment these children are going unheard, and dying, do they not deserve to be helped as well? why are there so many children in this condition latley in algerie? and why is no one speaking out but for only one??
TamattuT nnegh machi ghir i waghrom
Tattali zang u yis wa Traffed' agastur."
The shawi woman isn't just for house work
She rides the horse and carries a sword.

#2
^_^Chaouia^_^

^_^Chaouia^_^
  • Girls
  • 3,647 posts
  • Gender:Female
  • Location:Tkout,Algeria - Edmonton, Alberta

Current mood: Woot!
About this condition

Types of Spina Bifida
The causes of spina bifida are largely unknown. Some evidence suggests that genes may be involved, but in most cases there is no familial connection. A high fever during pregnancy may increase a woman's chances of having a baby with spina bifida. Women with epilepsy who have taken the drug valproic acid to control seizures may have an increased risk of having a baby with spina bifida. High exposures to radiations.

There are two forms of spina bifida spina bifida occulta and spina bifida manifesta.

Spina bifida occulta is the mildest form of spina bifida (occulta means hidden). Most children with this type of defect never have any health problems. The spinal cord is often unaffected.

Spina bifida manifesta includes two types of spina bifida, meningocele and myelomeningocele.

Meningocele involves the meninges, the membranes responsible for covering and protecting the brain and spinal cord. If the meninges push through the hole in the vertebrae (the small, ring-like bones that make up the spinal column), the sac is called a meningocele.

Myelomeningocele is the most severe form of spina bifida. It occurs when the meninges push through the hole in the back, and the spinal cord also pushes though. Most babies who are born with this type of spina bifida also have hydrocephalus, an accumulation of fluid in and around the brain.

Because of the abnormal development of and damage to the spinal cord, a child with the myelomeningocele form of spina bifida typically has some paralysis. The degree of paralysis largely depends on where the opening occurs in the spine. The higher the opening is on the back, the more severe the paralysis tends to be.

Children with spina bifida often have problems with bowel and bladder control, and some may have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or other learning difficulties, such as hand-eye coordination problems.

Diagnosing Spina Bifida
Expectant parents may be able to find out if a baby has spina bifida by taking certain kinds of prenatal tests. The maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) test, performed between the 16th and 18th weeks of pregnancy, measures the amount of alpha-fetoprotein that the fetus produces. The doctor will measure the amount of AFP in the mother's blood. If the amount is high, the test is repeated because in many cases, high AFP readings are false. If the amount is high once more, another test or tests will be done to double-check and confirm the diagnosis.

Doctors may also use ultrasound to see if a baby has spina bifida; in some cases, the spinal defect can be seen on the ultrasound study. Amniocentesis can also help determine whether a baby has spina bifida. A needle is inserted through the mother's belly and into the uterus to collect fluid that is tested for AFP.

Maternal folic acid deficiency has also been linked to spina bifida, and researchers believe that many cases of spina bifida could be prevented if women of childbearing age consume 0.4 milligrams (400 micrograms) of folic acid every day, and continue to take it throughout the first trimester. Good sources of folic acid include eggs, orange juice, and dark green leafy vegetables. Many multivitamins contain the recommended dose of folic acid as well.

Symptoms of Spina Bifida
Babies who are born with spina bifida occulta often have no outward signs or symptoms. The spinal cord does not protrude through the skin, although a patch of hair, a birthmark, or a dimple may be present on the skin over the lower spine.

But in other forms of the disease, there are obvious signs. Babies who are born with the meningocele form of the disease have a sac filled with fluid that is visible on the back. The sac is often covered by a thin layer of skin and can range in size from the dimensions of a grape to those of a grapefruit.

Babies who are born with myelomeningocele also have a sac-like mass that bulges from the back, but a layer of skin may not always cover it. In some cases, the nerves of the spinal cord may be exposed. A baby who also has hydrocephalus will have an enlarged head, the result of excess fluid and pressure inside the skull.

Treatment of Spina Bifida

Children with spina bifida occulta usually need no treatment.

In cases of spina bifida manifesta, the treatment largely depends on the type of spina bifida a child has and how severe it is.

A child with the meningocele form of the disease usually has an operation during infancy in which doctors push the meninges back and close the hole in the vertebrae. Many children with this type of spina bifida have no other health problems down the road, unless there is nerve tissue involved with the sac.

Babies born with the myelomeningocele form of the disease need more immediate attention and typically have surgery within the first 1 to 2 days of their lives. During this first surgery, doctors typically push the spine back into the vertebrae and close the hole to prevent infection and protect the spine.

A baby who also has hydrocephalus will need an operation to place a shunt in the brain. The shunt is a thin tube that helps to relieve pressure on the brain by draining and diverting extra fluid.

In addition, some children need subsequent surgeries to manage problems with the feet, hips, or spine.

The location of the gap in the back often dictates what kind of adaptive aids or equipment that a child with myelomeningocele will need down the line. Children with a gap high on the spinal column and more extensive paralysis will often need to use a wheelchair to move around, whereas those with a gap lower on the back may be able to use crutches, leg braces, or walkers.

Caring for Your Child With Spina Bifida

Parents of children with spina bifida will often receive support from a medical team that may include several doctors (such as neurosurgeons, urologists, orthopedic surgeons, rehabilitation specialists, and general pediatricians), a nurse practitioner, physical and occupational therapists, and a social worker. The goal is to create a lifestyle for the child and family in which the disability interferes as little as possible with normal everyday life.