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linguistics!! HELP!!!

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#1
touta

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salam

Please guys i need help cause the exams are soon and i have problems xith linguistics!!!!!
ok.
when Sapir defined language he sais: "language is purly human and non-instinctive method of communication ideas,emotions and desires by means of voluntarily produced symbols.These symbols in the first instince auditory and they are produced by the so-called organs of speech"

why these symbols are in the first instince auditory??
why language is primarily spoken??
what is the animals way of communication??

thanks

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#2
Lilia

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salam

why these symbols are in the first instince auditory??
why language is primarily spoken??
for De Saussure language is consisted of Langue which is the abstract linguistics system shared by all the members of speech community.
Quotes:
In their "OUTLINE OF LINGUISTICS ANALYSIS" Bloch and Tragger wrote (1942:5) " A language is a system of arbitratory vocal symbols by means of which & social group coperate."
In his "ESSAY ON LINGUISTICS" Hall (1968:158) :" The institution whereby humans communicate and interact with each other by means of habituelly used oral-auditory arbitrary symbols."

what is the animals way of communication??

Animals only utter sounds, and these sounds are instinctive
example: thrush (songbird) may utter different sounds:
1- alarm sound
2- territorial sound
3- mating sound

Well, that's all I got I hope it'll be helpful for u
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