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Lektion Nummer 2

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#1
demi

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salam Hello and welcome to lection nr.2

I am very happy to meet you here again although I have some concurrence here :D

Well first I wanna give you a little summary about the last lection ...

I have told you that in german language we have three definite articles : “der” , “die” and “das” .

"Der" refer to something male
"Die" refer to something female
"Das" refer to something without gender ( thing ^^)

So if you learn german vocabularies it’s the best when you learn the vocabulary with the article. Because that’s the easiest way to get used to them and to get a feeling wich article belongs to wich word ^_^ ...


If you don’t know what I am speaking about , then look back into Lection nr. 1 . Because that’s really really important to go step by step and lection by lection :D , otherwise you will have some complications ... :P :D

Ok , lets continue and start with lection nr. 2 .. : DECLINATION

Here I wanna give you some examples how the sentence is structured in german language .

Lets start with a simple sentence :

Der Junge spricht deutsch -> the boy speaks german ( pronouce : der yoongke shprisht doytsh).

Like you can see here , it’s a very simple sentence. Like in english ... So in most times you can adapt german in english one to one.

That sounds good , doesn’t it ?! :D

Now that the definite article is known , let’s move on and learn now this : ( personal pronouns ) ^_^
...............
I : Ich ( ish )
you : du ( do )
he : er ( aihr )
she : sie ( zee )
it : es ( aiss )
we : wir ( veer )
you : ihr ( eehr )
they : sie ( zee
)


Ok , Now lets make a declination with a regular verb like : spielen ( infinitif form ) ( meaning : “to play”).
Time form is present !!

Ich spiele ( ich shpeeleh )
Du spielst ( do shpeelst )
Er, sie es spielt ( aihr , zee , aiss shpeelt )
Wir spielen ( veer shpeelen )
Ihr spielt ( eehr shpeelt )
Sie spielen ( zee shpeelen )

So the stem is always spiel. That means without “en” at the end. And then you add the ending of the person that you want to use ( it's marked in red ) ... come on guys and girls :D ... it’s still easy !!!

Now we will do an exercise , it’s your turn to make a declination with the verb “gehen” (to go) and “legen” (to put).

Like in the example it’s the same ;) , just try it and in next lection (inshallah) I will give you the solutions :P ...


Now that you know the a very simple basic of declination it’s time to know some new words ^_^ .. . Because for a language we need vocabularies ;) :

Ger. word : eng. word : pronunciation

Die Schule : the school : die shooleh

Das Haus : the house : das hows

Der Tisch : the table :D : der tish

Die Brille : the glasses : die brilleh

Der Mann : the man : der mahnn ( speak a hard „a“ like in „mama“ :D . Not like a goat makes „maaaah“ ^^)

Spielen : to play : shpeelen

Gehen : to go : gaihen

Schreiben : to write : shraiben ( “ REMEMBR : in german language we don’t have the “r” like “rai”, we always say : “r” like “ghazala” ^^ )

Wie geht es dir ? : how are you ? : vee gait aiss deer ?

Gut : good : goot

Schnell : fast : shnehll

In : in : in

Zu : at : tsu ( but it can also have an other meaning …)

verstehen : understand : fershtaihehn

Ok , I think that’s enough for today ^_^ ... It’s more more much than last time. But step by step... and with the help from the good link from Walid :D :D ... you will make fast steps inshaallah ^^

As last exercise for today you can try to write this sentence : “the man goes fast in the school” in german ;) .


And here a Table to know how to pronunce the german words ... I found it in Internet :D


Pronunciation
Ger. letter: eng. sound
a....................... ah
e....................... eh
i........................ ee or ih
o....................... oh
ِ....................... eh, but with rounded lips
u....................... oo
b....................... b, but p at end of syllable
d....................... d, but t at end of syllable
g....................... g, but k at end of syllable
ch....................... guttural, almost like sh
au....................... ow (as in "cow")

ei....................... eye
eu, نu.................. oy
ie.......................... ee
j....................... y
qu....................... kv
s....................... z or ss at end of word
ك....................... ss
sp....................... shp (at beginning of word)
st....................... sht
sch....................... sh
th....................... t
v....................... f
w....................... v
z....................... ts



by the way, the sound pronounciation are from leo ;) , it’s not my voice :lol:


( have fun , when you have time to read the whole lecture ;) :D )


Attached Files


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#2
Wanted Dead

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vielen dank demi :D ich lieb the lessons :D
To see a world in a grain of sand, And a heaven in a wild flower, Hold infinity in the palm of your hand, And eternity in an hour ====> Tamazgha Forever In My Heart

#3
writersfreedom

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vielen dank demi.. ^_^
umgangssprachlich Akkordarbeit weiblich ;)

What can my enemies possibly do to me? My paradise is in my heart; wherever I go it goes with me, insepa­rable from me. For me, prison is a place of (religious) retreat; ex­ecution is my opportunity for martyrdom; and exile from my town is but a chance to travel ......

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#4
demi

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umgangssprachlich Akkordarbeit weiblich ;)



hmmm WF is this a new game ?? :D

you write three german words that have nothing to do with eachother and ... Noooo I won't make a sentence of them :D .... I will let walid make a nice sentence from them :P hihi

but that's really good that you try to write in german !! so my lections aaaaare giving some impulse :flex: ^^

#5
writersfreedom

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hmmm WF is this a new game ?? :D

you write three german words that have nothing to do with eachother and ... Noooo I won't make a sentence of them :D .... I will let walid make a nice sentence from them :P hihi

but that's really good that you try to write in german !! so my lections aaaaare giving some impulse :flex: ^^

yes thats wut I was doin cause walid asked me where I got the words from so.. :P :D ...but now u gave it away.. <_<
on the other hand I think that this makes ppl wanna learn german,so good job..smile.gif' class='bbc_emoticon' alt=':)' />


#6
HaXoR

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To be in german / english
ich bin --- I am
du bist ---- u are
er ist ---- he is
wir sind ---- we are
ihr seid ---- you are
sie sind ---- they are
Algerie Dima Fi Galbi.

#7
algerian3awawa

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this is a confusing language hehe..thnx though...if i take german in school i noe who can help me :D

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..smile wen u can..it's cheap medicine..



#8
demi

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this is a confusing language hehe..thnx though...if i take german in school i noe who can help me :D



You are welcome sister ^_^ , well I agree with you ... there are easier languages on the world :D :D


Heeey H@ckzor, that was not the homework :P :D :D , but Ok , I accept it like homework done :D , cause its more difficult than the two verbs I have proposed ^^ ... You posted an unregular verb ;)

gehen ( go )

Ich gehe ...........I go
du gehst ........... you go
er geht ..............he goes
sie geht .............she goes
es geht ............. it goes
wir gehen .......... we go
ihr geht ............. you go
sie gehen .......... they go



legen ( put )

Ich lege ...........I set
du legst ........... you set
er legt ..............he sets
sie legt .............she sets
es legt ............. it sets
wir legen .......... we set
ihr legt ............. you set
sie legen .......... they set



The man goes fast into the school. ---------------> Der Mann geht schnell in die Schule (rein ).
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For more grammatical exercises I recommand these links from Hopeland and H@ckzor :

[post="hi"]
www.deutsch-lernen.com[/post]
[post="hu"]www.livemocha.com
[/post]

For more linguistic training I recomand Walids audios and links :

[post="ha"]http://forum.e-dz.com/index.php?showtopic=4535[/post]
[post="bu"]http://rapidshare.com/files/194722442/AR-DE.zip[/post]


Thanks for everyone helping here and enjoy the german lessons ^_^