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A Handy Checklist for Writers

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  • Darja Gurus
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I copied this article from the following link: http://www.questiane...090816l#bigidea

In his book Brain Train: Studying for Success (London: E & FN Spon, 1996), 164, Richard Palmer offers great insights on how to study... and enjoy it. One example of the information he delivers is this memorable list of Rules of Grammar for Report Writing:

01. Remember to never split an infinitive.
02. The passive voice should never be used.
03. Punctuate run-on sentences properly they are hard to read otherwise.
04. Don't use no double negatives.
05. Use the semi-colon properly, always use it where it is appropriate; and never where it isn't.
06. Reserve the apostrophe for it's proper use and omit it when its not needed.
07. Verbs have to agree with their subjects.
08. No sentence fragments.
09. Proofread carefully to see if you any words out.
10. Avoid commas, that are not necessary.
11. If you reread your work, you will find on rereading that a lot of repetition can be avoided by rereading and editing.
12. A writer must not shift your point of view.
13. Give slang the elbow.
14. Conversely, it is incumbent upon us to avoid archaisms.
15. Don't overuse exclamation marks!!!!
16. Place pronouns as close as possible, especially in long sentences, as of 10 onwards or more, to their antecedents.
17. Hyphenate between sy-llables; avoid un-necessary hyphens.
18. Write all adverbial forms correct.
19. Writing carefully: dangling participles must be avoided.
20. Steer clear of incorrect forms of verbs that have snuck in the language.
21. Take the bull by the hand: always pick on the correct idiom and avoid mixed metaphors.
22. Avoid trendy locutions that sound flaky.
23. Never, ever use repetitive redundancies.
24. Everyone should be careful to use a singular pronoun with singular nouns in their writing.
25. If I've told you once, I've told you a thousand times, resist hyperbole.
26. Also, avoid awkward or affected alliteration.
27. Don't string together too many prepositional phrases unless you are walking through the valley of the shadow of death.
28. ""Avoid overuse of quotation marks.""""

29. For God's sake don't offend your readers' sensibilities.
30. Last but not least, avoid clichés like the plague; seek viable alternatives.

Print out this list to use as a handy reminder when you're doing all those writing assignments. And check out Brain Train: Studying for Success for many other useful tips.

What is meant by to "split an infinitive"?

A split infinitive or cleft infinitive is an English-language grammatical construction in which a word or phrase, usually an adverb or adverbial phrase, comes between the marker to and the bare infinitive (uninflected) form of a verb. A famous split infinitive occurs in the opening sequence of the Star Trek television series: to boldly go where no man has gone before. Here, the adverb "boldly" splits the full infinitive "to go." More rarely, the term compound split infinitive is used to describe situations in which the infinitive is split by more than one word: The population is expected to more than double in the next ten years.

As the split infinitive became more popular in the 19th century, some grammatical authorities[who?] sought to introduce a prescriptive rule against it. The construction is still the subject of disagreement among native English speakers as to whether it is grammatically correct or good style: "No other grammatical issue has so divided English speakers since the split infinitive was declared to be a solecism in the 19c: raise the subject of English usage in any conversation today and it is sure to be mentioned."[1] However, most experts[who?] on language now agree that the split infinitive is sometimes appropriate.[2]

quoted from wikipedia




  • Darja Gurus
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- how to ask question in english
Expert: Gregory H. Bontrager - 6/15/2007

respected sir i have problem to ask question in english so pl. send me any literature which will be helpful for me in communication.

There are 4 basic types of questions in English.

1. The majority of questions in English use the verb "do" as a helping verb. It usually occurs at the beginning. For example:

Do you like this movie?

Did she read the book?

Please note that, in both of the above sentences, the verb "do" is conjugated but the main verb is an infinitive.

2. When the verbs or verb forms "could," "should," "can," "be," "must," or "will" are involved, "do" is not used. Instead, a simple reversal of subject and verb is executed. For example:

Could he see her?
Can you lick your elbow?
Will you help me please?
Are they lawyers?

Please observe that, in sentences containing both one of the previously mentioned verbs and an infinitive, the subject is placed between the conjugated verb and the infinitive.

3. A question of the third type uses "who," "what", "when," "where," "why," or "how" at the beginning of a sentence. The first two are used as pronouns in an otherwise normal sentence. The others are adverbs and are placed in front of a sentence which by itself would be a question of type 1 or 2.

Who did this?

What made you jump?

When will she arrive?

Where did he leave you?

Why was she running?

How did the magician do that?

4. The fourth type is the least common and is relegated to informal speech. A question of this type is created by simply applying the punctuation and intonation of a question to a sentence that would otherwise be a statement. This type of question is usually used to request confirmation of a previous statement made by someone else.

For more information, visit the following site or do a search on "English interrogative sentences."


I hope this helps!

quoted from http://en.allexperts...ion-english.htm